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These Canoes Carry Culture Project 2013-

Medicine Wheel

The canoe was constructed over the course of four seasons. Different materials were available at different times of the year. In Western cultures, the different seasons are recognized as a way of understanding time and life. Ojibwe people understand the four seasons in relation to the four cardinal directions, north, east, south, and west. In the medicine wheel, these directions are specifically linked to further aspects of human and natural life. The right quadrant of the Ojibwe medicine wheel is associated with the East (Waabinong), infants (Aabinoojiiyehnsag), spring (Ziigwan), and the color yellow (Ozaawaa). It is associated in this website with Wiigwaas, the birch.

Read Here about:

Harvesting and processing the wiigwaas, birch bark, for the canoe;

birch tree from which bark has been harvested

The History of Ojibwe and Other Wisconsin Tribes in the Nineteenth Century


Continue reading about Ojibwe history and the history of other Wisconsin tribes on the

South Quadrant.


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